The Hospiten Group, through their Cosmetic Dermatology and Cutaneous Laser Unit, recommends having sunspots, which appear as a result of exposure to the sun checked out, to prevent further damage and be able to repair the skin as soon as possible.
Lucia Pimentel, dermatologist at the Hospiten Rambla University Hospital states that the best time to have sunspots checked out is in autumn-winter and advises that the dermatologist be the one to diagnose the type of spot to be treated and decide on the correct treatment. At this time of year, the skin is less tanned and the risk of sun exposure after treatment is lower. She adds that it is advisable to go in sooner than later, in case the skin requires prior preparation with depigmenting products to improve results of the treatment.
As she explains, there are different types of sunspot and each one forms in its own way, although most are caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation, which causes our body to generate an excess of pigment, melanin.
The Hospiten Group reminds the public that the best solution for this type of spot is prevention, using photoprotectors with sunscreens with a factor of 30 or above to help prevent them.
Types of spot and treatments
Sunspots include lentigos, brown spots with irregular edges and uneven coloration often described as large freckles, found mainly on the arms, hands, face, neckline and shoulders. The best option is treatment with lasers or pulsed light, which also stimulate the formation of collagen and, therefore, rejuvenate the skin.
Another type of spot is melasma, dark brown in color and located mainly on the face, following symmetrical patterns. Although they are genetic or hormonal in origin, the sun can worsen their appearance.
In this case, the most appropriate treatment involves combining depigmentation with skin peelings and sometimes lasers that renew the skin, and help unify the skin tone, taking into account that these types of spots are more chronic in their evolution.
Likewise, after summer the skin will be more dehydrated, so the Cosmetic Dermatology Unit recommends mesotherapy, a treatment consisting of injecting mini-doses of hyaluronic acid, vitamins and amino acids to nourish the skin and allow it to regenerate.